In the Old Testament times, a name was not only identification but an identity as well. Many times a special meaning was attached to the name. Names had, among other purposes, an explanatory purpose (e.g., Nabal, whose name means “fool,” is the target of Abigail’s explanation to David: “For as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him:” – 1Samuel 25:25).
Throughout Scripture, God reveals Himself to us through His names. When we study these names that He reveals to us in the Bible, we will better understand who God really is. The meanings behind God’s names reveal the central personality and nature of the One who bears them.
Who is God to you?
Is He your Most High God, All-sufficient One, Master, Lord of Peace, the Lord Who Will Provide? Is He your Father? We must be careful not to make God into an “it” or a “thing” to which we pray. God knows us by our name, shouldn’t we know Him by His?
Tonight we are going to talk about eight redemptive names of God. As we talk about each one I encourage you to share how you have seen God in one or more of these ways in recent months.
“The Lord our Provider” – This is also the name Abraham gave to the place where the Lord provided a sacrifice in place of Isaac. (Gen. 22:14).
How has God demonstrated his provision? Have you ever prayed calling Him by name as your Jehovah-Jireh?
“Our banner, a banner of love and protection” – Also the name Moses gave to the altar he built after defeating the Amalekites (Ex. 17:15).
A Banner or flag is flown as identification – the flag of a country, a declaration of war – carried on the front lines, a declaration of surrender – the white flag (surrendering our lives to Jesus), a sign of victory – when a battle is won the winner displays their banner or flag. How has God demonstrated his authority as Jehovah-Nissi your Banner?
“Our perfect peace” – Also the name Gideon gave to the altar he built at Ophrah (Judges 6:24)
There is nothing sweeter than experiencing the peace of God in the midst of adversity. How have you experienced Jehovah-Shalom, your Peace?
“The Lord is our Righteousness” – The name is applied to a future Davidic king who would lead his people to do what is right and thus bring peace (Jeremiah 23:6) and to the restored city of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 33:16). The name is possibly a play on the name of Zedekiah (“Righteous [is] the Lord”) who reigned from 597 to 587 B.C.
As our Righteousness God leads us in obedience and demonstrates through Jesus his grace in calling us righteous. Have you had to trust God as Jehovah-Tsid-Kenu and make a stand for righteousness or calling out to God for his cleansing righteousness to free you from guilt and shame?
“The One Who is with us everywhere for He is Omnipresent” – The Jerusalem of Ezekiel’s vision (see Ezekiel 48:35) was known by this name. Compare text at Isaiah 60:19-20 and Revelation 21:3.
God is present everywhere even when we do not feel him or see him moving. Jehovah-Shammah gives us the assurance of his presence regardless of our feelings. How has God demonstrated his presence even when you could not “feel” him? Have you prayed for Jehovah-Shammah to invade your life or circumstance?
“The Lord of Hosts, our Protector.” C.H. Spurgeon said this about the phrase “The Lord of Hosts:
The Lord rules the angels, the stars, the elements, and all the hosts of Heaven; and the Heaven of heavens is under His sway… [the Lord] is on our side – our ally; woe unto those who fight against Him, for they shall flee like smoke before the wind when He gives the word to scatter them.” See text at Psalm 46:7.
We often pray for Jehovah-Sabaoth our protector to be with us. We pray for protection when we travel, for our daily activities, etc. Jehovah-Sabaoth is also our protector from the attacks of the enemy. Are their times when you have called out to Jehovah-Sabaoth and seen his power as your protector come forth?
“Our Shepherd Who tenderly leads us, loves us and will keep us safe.” – the famous Psalm 23 tells us that “The Lord is our Shepherd and we shall not want….” Being illustrated as a shepherd implies a relationship with His sheep (His believers). The term shepherd appears approximately 80 times in the Scriptures, denotating meanings of: feeder, keeper, companion, friend, pastor, and herdsman.
As Jehovah-Raah we experience the tender side of God. He leads us and cares about every aspect of our lives. We may not pray very often for Jehovah-Raah our Shepherd but we daily depend on him. When have you experienced Jehovah-Raah in your life?
JEHOVAH-RAPHA ( Healer)
“I am the Lord Your Physician or I am the Lord Your Healer – this name especially was a Name God prophetically spoken about Himself, not one that someone gave Him. Exodus 15:26.
Jehovah-Rapha our Healer or the one who heals us. Praying for healing is very common. As Jehovah-Rapha he comes to heal our minds, bodies, and emotions. We may not always experience his healing in ways we hope or expect but we can always rest in him being Jehovah-Rapha. Have you or are you currently praying for Jehovah-Rapha your healer?
Let’s now go around the room and speak the Jehovah name that you are in most need of in your life.
Afterward we will take a few minutes to pray specifically for one another.
Some of the information on the Eight Redemptive Names of God came from the Holman Bible Dictionary and the book All the Divine Names And Titles In The Bible by Herbert Lockyer.
Al H. Jones, Ph.D.